The Jackdaw is a European corvid, resident across Europe, western Asia and North Africa. She is noted for being a collector of shiny objects, which she hoards in her nest. Pairs are long-term and monogamous, with partners stay together within their flocks. Flocks have a strong hierarchy, and bonded pairs share the same rank, with females assuming their mates rank and unpaired females perching lowest in the pecking order. Paired birds also engage in mutual preening. Jackdaw will also share food, activally passing favoured titbits to other members of the flock, regardless of gender or familial bonds.