There are 13 species of Fairywren in Australia and its surrounding islands. This diminutive passerine is closely related to emu-wrens but not related to the northern hemisphere wrens. During the breeding months, the male puts on a fine coloured plumage - in the case of this Splendid fairywren, a vivid blue and purple - and courts his hen. He will pluck her a pink or purple flower petal and present it to her as part of this display. Although they form lifelong monogamous bonds, both male and female seek out additional partners and the male may aid in raising his illegitimate offspring.